Synonyms: FLJ95109,94 kDa B raf protein,B raf 1,B Raf proto oncogene serine threonine protein kinase,B Raf proto oncogene,serine/threonine kinase,B RAF1,B-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (p94),BRAF 1,BRAF,BRAF,BRAF1,cRmil,MGC126806,MGC138284,Murine sarcoma viral (v-raf) oncogene homolog B1,Murine sarcoma viral v raf oncogene homolog B1,NS7,Oncogen BRAF,oncogene BRAF1,p94,Proto-oncogene B-Raf,Proto-oncogene c-Rmil,RAFB 1,RAFB1,RMIL,Serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf,v raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B,v raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1,v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1
Background: This gene encodes a protein belonging to the raf/mil family of serine/threonine protein kinases. This protein plays a role in regulating the MAP kinase/ERKs signaling pathway, which affects cell division, differentiation, and secretion. Mutations in this gene are associated with cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, a disease characterized by heart defects, mental retardation and a distinctive facial appearance. Mutations in this gene have also been associated with various cancers, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma, colorectal cancer, malignant melanoma, thyroid carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma of lung. A pseudogene, which is located on chromosome X, has been identified for this gene.