Calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase, calcineurin, is involved in a wide range of biologic activities, acting as a Ca(2+)-dependent modifier of phosphorylation status. In testis, the motility of the sperm is thought to be controlled by cAMP-dependent phosphorylation and a unique form of calcineurin appears to be associated with the flagellum. The calcineurin holoenzyme is composed of catalytic and regulatory subunits of 60 and 18 kD, respectively. At least 3 genes, calcineurin A-alpha (CALNA1, MIM 114105), calcineurin A-beta (CALNA2, MIM 114106), and calcineurin A-gamma (CALNA3), have been cloned for the catalytic subunit. These genes have been identified in humans, mice, and rats, and are highly conserved between species (90 to 95% amino acid identity).
Alternate names: CAM-PRP catalytic subunit, CNA3, Calcineurin testis-specific catalytic subunit, Calmodulin- dependent calcineurin A subunit gamma isoform, Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2B catalytic subunit gamma isoform, protein phosphatase 2B catalytic subunit gamma